American Airlines layoffs leave families up in the air
BY MICHAEL OVERALL World Staff Writer
Sunday, October 21, 2012
10/21/12 at 7:25 AM
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One employee described spending an entire shift in almost complete silence, her co-workers too unsettled to keep up the usual banter along the maintenance line.
It came last month, after American Airlines posted a "Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification" - known as a WARN letter.
It told nearly 3,000 Tulsa employees they could be laid off in the next few months, as the company struggles to cut costs and emerge from bankruptcy.
Nobody knew how many jobs would really be cut, or exactly who would face unemployment, leaving nearly half the Tulsa workforce uncertain about the immediate future.
"It's been a little less gloomy lately," says John Bell, who performs maintenance on the facility itself rather than working on the aircraft.
"As the numbers went down, people realized that most of us were going to be OK, at least for now."
The airline originally planned to cut 2,700 jobs in Tulsa. But the union negotiated the number down to 1,300. And with early retirements and attrition, the actual number of layoffs will be less than 450, officials say.
About 300 of those employees can shift into other positions at American, leaving about 140 out of work, according to the union. But the future is still cloudy for American, a company that remains in bankruptcy with a possible merger on the horizon and more downsizing possible.
"There is never a time that our membership can get comfortable and say the long-term outlook for job security in Tulsa is good," says John Hewitt, chairman of Maintenance Transport Workers Union Local 514.
"We are under constant attack from foreign maintenance organizations and politicians who are making it easy for large corporations to send work overseas."
Marco Enriquez, who has 26 years of experience at the maintenance facility, expects the company to outsource more and more work.
"I can imagine a lot of bad scenarios," he says. "Who knows what will happen?"
More layoffs seem possible. But the concerns don't stop there.
"If you outsource maintenance," Enriquez says, "who's going to be doing it? How much training will they get? And who will do the training? It's a safety issue."
The average American maintenance worker makes about $65,900 a year in salary and wages, according to published studies.
Under the latest plans, the layoffs and reassignment will affect just 4 percent of the local workforce.
But that's little comfort to Jessie Moore and her husband, who met each other at American.
The company told their entire department that it was being eliminated, effective Dec. 16.
"We're gone," Moore says. "Honestly, I don't know what to do next. It's kind of hard to be 50 and starting over."
With a daughter in college and a 13-year-old at home, the family has gone on a "crash-diet" budget, paying down bills and saving up cash, Moore says.
"I really want to stay with American," she says. "I'm hoping for a miracle or something."
Part of a crew that refurbishes the upholstery on airplane seats, Moore went to American about 12 years ago, after giving up a career in the medical field.
And she doesn't regret that decision, even with the layoff.
"American has been good to us," she says. "It helped us raise a family and gave us a good living.
"I just thought it would be a place to retire from."
The situation in Tulsa
After its parent company filed for bankruptcy late last year, American Airlines announced a plan to cut 13,000 jobs, including 2,100 Transport Workers Union jobs in Tulsa. Including non-union jobs, the reductions in Tulsa initially were expected to include about 2,700 employees.
After negotiations with the union and early retirement packages, company and union officials said this month that American would lay off 300 mechanics and about 70 fleet service workers in Tulsa by February. The layoffs will be effective in November and December for the fleet service workers and in December and February for mechanics.
Layoff notifications have been given to fleet service workers and will go out to mechanics in November.
Facts and figures on AMR's bankruptcy
What happened: After losing more than $10 billion in the previous 10 years, AMR Corp. - the parent company of American Airlines - filed bankruptcy on Nov. 29, 2011.
Management goals: The company seeks to cut employee-related costs by $1.06 billion a year and increase annual revenue by $1 billion per year.
The layoffs: AMR initially said it could eliminate as many as 2,700 jobs in Tulsa. Through union negotiations and early-retirement packages, that number has been reduced to about 370.
Currently: Tulsa's maintenance base employs 7,000 people overall, 3,000 of them aircraft maintenance technicians or mechanics. The Transport Workers Union represents 5,500 workers in several job classifications, including AMTs, plant maintenance technicians and logistics specialists.
Looking ahead: The company must present a restructuring plan by Dec. 28. That plan must receive creditors' approval by Feb. 28.
Original Print Headline: Layoffs leave families up in the air
Michael Overall 918-581-8383
Clyde and Jessie Moore look through mail at their home in Tulsa. The couple have both received notice that they will lose their jobs at American Airlines. JAMES GIBBARD / Tulsa World
Clyde and Jessie Moore prepare dinner at their home in Tulsa. Jessie Moore went to work at American Airlines 12 years ago and met her husband on a crew that refurbishes the upholstery on airplane seats, a job that requires a lot of hands-on teamwork and fosters a close-knit atmosphere. JAMES GIBBARD / Tulsa World