Draining trapped blood relieves pain of black toenail
BY DR. KOMOROFF Universal Uclick
Thursday, December 06, 2012
12/06/12 at 2:19 AM
Dear Doctor K: I hurt my toe and now the nail has turned black. What can I do?
Dear Reader: Ouch - I've been there. A couple of years ago I was outdoors and turned around to walk in the opposite direction, and boom! My big toe hit a lamppost.
A day or two later the toenail was black and blue, and the day after that it hurt a lot. What I had, and what you probably have, is blood under the nail, a condition called subungual hematoma.
Treatment for a subungual hematoma involves relieving pressure by draining the blood trapped under the nail. I vividly remember the first time I learned how to do it, as an intern in the emergency room. The patient had hammered the nail on his left thumb.
My supervising physician told me to unbend a paperclip, and to heat the sharp end and push it through the man's thumbnail to burn a hole in the nail. I replied: "What is this, the 15th century? That's barbaric!" My supervisor smiled and said, "You'll remember this learning experience for a long time, and your patient will be grateful." And I have, and he was.
Before the supervisor accompanied me into the patient's room, he gave me one more piece of advice: "Explain what you'll be doing, but don't explain exactly how you'll be doing it."
I've subsequently met some mothers who tell me they've done this with their kids - having learned it when their mothers did it to them. But I don't advise doing it yourself. Sometimes large hematomas that turn the whole nail black and blue can mean the toe or finger is fractured, and a tetanus shot may be needed.
Unfortunately, your nail injury is likely to be noticeable until the damaged nail grows out. For toenails, this can take about four months; fingernails usually regrow completely in about two months. If you've injured the base of your nail, some cosmetic changes may be permanent. But the pain will be gone, as the result of a "barbaric" but effective treatment.
Write Dr. K at www.AskDoctorK.com or c/o Universal Uclick, 1130 Walnut, Kansas City, MO 64106