OKLAHOMA CITY — More than 300 new laws took effect in Oklahoma on Friday, Nov. 1.
While the most controversial of the 324 may be a measure allowing people to carry a weapon without a permit or training, others deal with everything from increasing some speed limits to establishing an official state astronomical object.
House Bill 1071 would let the Oklahoma Department of Transportation increase the speed limit to 75 mph on rural sections of the interstate highway system if a study determines that it is safe and reasonable.
The measure would also let the Oklahoma Turnpike Authority increase speed limits to 80 mph.
House Bill 1269 makes the provisions of State Question 780 retroactive.
Passed by voters in November 2016, SQ 780 downgraded several nonviolent offenses from felonies to misdemeanors and reduced the associated sentences.
HB 1269 allows those serving time for crimes that no longer require prison sentences to seek relief through the Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board.
The board is set to hold an “expedited” docket on Friday to consider several hundred inmates for commutations.
Senate Bill 100 would allow optometrists to occupy a separate room or area within or adjacent to a retail store as long as they remain financially and professionally independent.
Current law prohibits optometrists from practicing inside other retail establishments.
The bill was a negotiated agreement between optometrists and large retailers following a failed ballot measure to make optical care part of the state constitution.
SB 142 cracks down on the practice of giving nursing home residents antipsychotic drugs.
The bill prohibits the use of such drugs unless a patient was previously diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, with some exceptions.
“Nursing homes have been consistently prescribing these medications to patients that don’t necessitate them,” said Sen. Stephanie Bice, R-Oklahoma City, the Senate author. “This legislation prevents our elderly residents in Oklahoma from being medicated without necessity.”
House Bill 2270 allows a process for a man to seek to disprove a father-child relationship if a court determines that the mother engaged in fraud and genetic testing shows that the child is not biologically related to the man.
Rep. Josh West, R-Grove, first introduced the bill in 2017, but it failed to secure approval.
“I think this was needed in order to protect those men who have been misled as to paternity,” West said. “You are dealing with a presumed father who has been lied to.”
HB 1259 allows voters to take a picture of a completed ballot and post it on social media.
Finally, HB 1292 designates the Rosette Nebula the official astronomical object of the state, while SB 21 designates the rib-eye steak as the official state steak.
A controversial bill has drawn a legal challenge and will not go into effect on Nov. 1.
SB 614 requires those who perform medication abortions using Mifepristone, also known as RU 486, to tell the patient in writing that it may be possible to reverse the effects of the drug.
A judge has put a hold on this measure to consider a legal challenge from a Tulsa abortion provider that alleges it would require doctors to give patients false information.
On a morning when many brought rain jackets they didn’t need, spectators, supporters and anybody with a seat took up a spot to watch the 2019 Tulsa Federal Credit Union Tulsa Run on Saturday morning.
Although two days of steady rain made for wet streets and a cold wind, those like Jared Rogers wouldn’t have missed it for the world. With his newly adopted 5-month-old son, Ames, in a carrier on his chest, Rogers watched as two cousins, his wife and mother-in-law made the turn at 11th Street and Rockford Avenue.
On this stretch under the iconic Meadow Gold sign, Rogers said it’s hardly his first cold October morning cheering on family members, but it’s also a great way to see the changes in Tulsa.
“I’ve seen it throughout the years,” Rogers said. “I will say though, 11th Street has really picked up. It’s been nice to see all the new storefronts, the economic development.”
From the starting gun on Third Street to the party at the Boston Avenue finish line, the crowds cheered runners along the streets.
Along Rockford Avenue at the 3K mark, volunteers had all the water, Gatorade and breakfast burritos runners could take on the fly. Members from Life Church had the tables set up in front of the Tenth & Rockford Church of Christ, and volunteer LJ Kangas said it’s inspiring to watch and push people on, whether for a personal goal or for the competitive finish.
“You see people out there overcoming, you see people had to overcome some things to run this race,” Kangas said. “They had to train hard. To get out here and compete and finish the race is a big accomplishment. People that we serve within the community coming out here to hand out water and Gatorade, that makes a big difference.”
Racers through the Meadow Gold District got plenty of encouragement, even from a few store owners keeping warm inside storefront windows.
Aaron Christensen came from his house south of the course to see the pack make the turn at 11th and Rockford. Christensen hasn’t missed many runs in Tulsa, and he said the different cultures of each race make it worthwhile to watch.
“I think it’s refreshing to get outside and unite with the city over a common event,” Christensen said. “I will have been a resident of this area for one year in December. ... I’ve lived in other cities and I’ve traveled around the world. I love to come back to Tulsa and invite my friends from around the world to visit.”
Correction: This story has been updated to correct the statement regarding the law against carrying guns into places where alcoholic beverages are consumed as a primary purpose of a business.
With Oklahomans set to take up weapons without the need for a license or training starting Friday, demand for concealed-carry classes at one of Tulsa’s busiest firearms instruction sites is markedly less.
“We’ve dropped from six classes a month to two,” said Robert Jerome, an instructor at 2A Shooting Center for nearly a decade, as well as a law enforcement professional who has trained police officers for more than 25 years.
While the state’s concealed and open carry status now will be listed as “unrestricted” or “shall issue” — often called permitless carry or constitutional carry — state and federal laws still very much come into play, he said.
“I don’t have a problem at all with constitutional carry, but here is what I have always said is the biggest problem with it: Just because people have the right to carry a gun, that doesn’t relieve them of the responsibility of carrying a gun,” Jerome said.
Jerome said 2A will continue to offer its standard concealed-carry class because people still will need licenses if they want to cross state lines, but they are going to offer a new constitutional-carry class, as well.
The newer class will focus more on important aspects of the law with students running through more potential conflict scenarios because less time is required to cover the now-optional permitting process, he said.
“The law doesn’t go away, and people need to know what the law is,” he said. “We don’t want people to end up with misdemeanors or a felony because they just don’t know the law. ... Also, you also need to know how to protect yourself in that moment in case something happens so things work out all right — in your life, and in the courtroom.”
The Tulsa World asked the longtime instructor about some of the questions most often asked by concealed-carry students, what people need to know who are thinking about carrying a firearm, and what are some important do’s and don’ts.
The first thing shooters need to know is the firearms law — laws, actually — addressed under Oklahoma Statute Title 21, section 1289.25 of the state penal code, which is the legal framework for the Oklahoma Firearms Act of 1971, the 2018 Oklahoma Self-Defense Act and the basis for Oklahoma’s Castle Doctrine and Stand-Your-Ground Doctrine. It’s a good idea to study all these aspects of the law but (hint) it’s a lot easier to interpret with the help of a professional firearms instructor.
DO: Seek training and keep up with changes in the law if you plan to carry.
DON’T: Rely on your Facebook friends or “YouTube University” searches for legal advice, Jerome said.
A few things, but the biggest is that a license to carry now is optional. Among the other provisions, the main change under House Bill 2597 is that the Self-Defense Act no longer requires Oklahomans who are 21 years old, or veterans or military who are 18 and over, to obtain a permit at a cost of $100 for five years or $200 for 10, plus miscellaneous costs for a required training certificate through instruction that showed basic knowledge of the Oklahoma Self-Defense Act and an ability to handle a firearm safely, proof of residency or permanent military orders to be in the state, a background check and fingerprinting.
If you are a legal resident over 21, or military or a veteran, and don’t face legal restrictions that prevent you from possessing a gun, you have the right to carry.
DO: Remember you still need a concealed-carry license to travel across some state lines so you might just want to get, or keep renewing, that license.
DON’T: Assume that permitless means without rules. Many laws still apply to when, how and where a firearm can be carried, and how it might be used.
Basically, there are six types of places you can’t carry a firearm. Also be aware there are places where it is OK to carry concealed, but not open, and situations where it is OK to carry or transport a loaded handgun but not loaded rifle or shotgun. Another bill, House Bill 2010, also signed by Gov. Kevin Stitt and effective Nov. 1, allows facilities under a public trust, such as Gathering Place and the Tulsa and Oklahoma City zoos, to prohibit open carry; however, people now will be allowed carry concealed at those venues.
No firearms are allowed in bars or other places where alcoholic beverages are consumed as a primary purpose of the business; government offices and buildings; prisons or detention centers; gambling places and professional sports arenas (unless allowed by the owner); public schools, colleges and universities (but the law allows for private and public schools to designate specific staff who may carry on school property); and any other place prohibited by law enforcement (such as established for visiting dignitaries or to control a natural-disaster area).
Private properties also can be off-limits as the law allows “any person, property owner, tenant, employer, place of worship or business entity” to control the possession of firearms on their property.
DO: Always keep in mind where you will be going and whether your firearm needs to be secured or stowed away before you get there. In almost all situations, a firearm is legal if it is stowed out-of-sight in a locked vehicle in a parking area with the windows rolled up.
DON’T: Push it. If you ever are in doubt about the allowance of firearms in a place you plan to visit, err on the side of caution.
After Nov. 1, an individual is no longer required to inform a law enforcement officer that they are carrying a firearm, but Jerome advises that it’s a wise practice to advise an officer upfront anyway.
DO: Keep your hands visible and inform the police officer “I am exercising my constitutional right to carry” and tell them where the weapon is located. If you are pulled over while driving, put your hands on the steering wheel, turn on a dome light if it is at night, and inform the officer in the same way. Informing them up-front can help develop a rapport, Jerome said.
DON’T: Make sudden moves or reach for the gun to show it to the officer. Just keep your hands visible, or on the steering wheel, and tell the officer where it is located.
Some states practice reciprocity and honor Oklahoma’s less-restrictive laws, but others do not. Kansas, Arkansas and Missouri also are constitutional-carry and reciprocity states, but Texas, New Mexico and Colorado are not. Fourteen states nationwide are now permitless-carry states, but three of those allow the practice for residents only.
It is illegal to take guns into schools, but guns may be on the premises as long as they are secured inside your vehicle, windows up, doors locked and stored out-of-sight.
Safetywise, none of those are good ideas, but technically it is allowed if it is done in a way that the handgun is fully concealed or in a holster. Open-carry rules demand a gun be secured in a holster if it is visible, and that includes inside a vehicle. If it is concealed in a way no reasonable person could see it or know it is present, it can be loose.
DO: Always carry a loaded handgun in a holster, no matter what the law states. Make sure the trigger guard of that firearm is covered. That is a basic gun safety rule.
DON’T: Forget the first rule in handling a loaded firearm is to not point it at anything you don’t want to shoot, and that includes parts of your own body.
No. It is unlawful to carry inside a business that primarily benefits from the consumption of alcohol, and it is against the law for any person “to carry or use shotguns, rifles or pistols in any circumstances while under the influence of beer, intoxicating liquors or any hallucinogenic, or any unlawful or un-prescribed drug,” as well as some prescribed medicines with certain side effects, according to the Self-Defense Act.
First, do all you can to get away from any conflict. As Jerome put it, “Only turn to your gun if you’re in fear for your life or being put in the hospital.” The moment that you make reference to, display or pull your gun you have threatened or exercised deadly force and legal ramifications become much more complicated.
Not necessarily, it can also make you a target, and if done carelessly can introduce a dangerous element to a situation. Law enforcement officers use specially designed holsters and are trained in ways to protect and retain their own firearm. Jerome recommends open carry only to people with extensive training.